This region is famous for its beautiful mountainous areas with lush vegetation and wildlife. Its coastal landscapes, marine terraces and attractive beaches as Mareadel Portillo, together with National Parks La Demajagua, Turquino and Desembarco del Granma, the latter a World Heritage Site, are also local attractions.
Its capital, Bayamo, was founded in 1513 as the Spanish second village in Cuba, which currently holds the title of National Monument.
Manzanillo, second major city of the province, stands out for its coasts ending at Guacanayabo gulf, and for its pergola, showing rich architectural values.
Bayamo Historic Center, Luz Vazquez window, place where La Bayamesa was first sung; Carlos M. Cespedes Birthplace Museum, Wax Museum, San Salvador de Bayamo Cathedral; La Demajagua mill ruins; Celia Sanchez Birthplace Museum; Guafe Archaeological Path; Desembarco del Granma and Turquino Natural Parks; Cupaynicú Botanical Garden; Dos Ríos National Monument, site where the National Hero José Martí falls in battle, Marea del Portillo Beach and its natural environment.